The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) needs to remind athletes and all different stakeholders that the 2023 List of Prohibited Substances and Methods (Listing) enters into drive as we speak (1 January). The 2023 Listing was accredited by WADA’s Government Committee (ExCo) throughout its assembly on 23 September 2022 and was first revealed on 29 September 2022.
The Listing is without doubt one of the eight International Standards which can be necessary for all Signatories of the World Anti-Doping Code (Code). It designates what substances and strategies are prohibited each in- and out-of-competition and which substances are banned particularly sports activities.
Main Modifications for 2023
All Main Modifications for 2023 are outlined within the 2023 Summary of Major Modifications and Explanatory Notes, which was additionally revealed on 29 September 2022, together with the 2023 Monitoring Program.
Main Modification regarding tramadol for 2024
It needs to be famous that, additionally on 23 September, the ExCo endorsed the advice by WADA’s List Expert Advisory Group to ban the narcotic tramadol in competitors, efficient 1 January 2024.
The delay in implementation is to supply an extra 12 months for broad communication and schooling of athletes, their entourage and medical personnel so that there’s a higher understanding of the sensible implementation of tramadol prohibition in competitors.
It’s going to additionally give time to the scientific group to regulate the precise procedural particulars in order that equity might be ensured for athletes. As well as, it offers sports activities authorities time to develop academic instruments for athletes, and for medical and assist personnel to deal with the protected use of tramadol for scientific functions inside anti-doping.
Tramadol has been on WADA’s Monitoring Program and knowledge gathered by way of that program have indicated important use in sports activities. Tramadol abuse, with its dose-dependent dangers of bodily dependence, opiate dependancy and overdoses within the basic inhabitants, is of concern and has led to it being a managed drug in lots of nations. Analysis research funded by WADA, as referenced within the Explanatory Word have additionally confirmed the potential for tramadol to boost sports activities efficiency.
Annual Listing Evaluation Course of
WADA leads an annual revision course of regarding the Listing, starting with an preliminary assembly in January and concluding with the publication of the Listing by 1 October. That is an intensive session course of that features WADA’s Listing Professional Advisory Group gathering data together with the most recent scientific and medical analysis, traits, and intelligence gathered from legislation enforcement and pharmaceutical corporations; circulating a draft Listing amongst stakeholders; and, taking their submissions into consideration to revise the draft, adopted by assessment by the Company’s Health, Medical and Research (HMR) Committee. The HMR Committee then makes its suggestions to WADA’s ExCo, which approves the Listing throughout its September assembly.
For a substance or technique to be added to the Listing, it have to be decided that it meets a minimum of two of the next three standards:
- It has the potential to boost or enhances sport efficiency
- It represents an precise or potential well being threat to the athletes
- It violates the spirit of sport
The Listing is launched three months forward of it taking impact in order that athletes, their entourage and different stakeholders can acquaint themselves with any modifications. In the end, athletes are liable for prohibited substances discovered of their physique and prohibited strategies discovered to have been used. Athlete entourage are additionally answerable for Anti-Doping Rule Violations if decided to be complicit. Consequently, if there may be any doubt as to the standing of a substance or technique, it can be crucial that they contact their respective Anti-Doping Organizations (Worldwide Federation or Nationwide Anti-Doping Group) for recommendation.
The Therapeutic Use Exemption Program
It needs to be famous that for athletes who’ve a reputable medical motive for utilizing a prohibited substance or technique that’s on the Listing, they will apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) to find out whether or not they meet the standards outlined within the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE). The TUE Program is a rigorous and vital a part of elite sport which has overwhelming acceptance from athletes, physicians and anti-doping stakeholders.
Along with the paperwork linked above, WADA has offered, or will present, numerous academic assets as a part of its Code Implementation Support Program (CISP), which might be accessed on the Company’s Anti-Doping Education and Learning Platform (ADEL). These assets embrace:
- A CISP Guidelines – Implementing Revised Listing
- Athlete and Athlete Help Personnel (ASP) Factsheet on tramadol
- Medical Professionals Factsheet on tramadol
- Athlete and ASP Information to the 2023 Listing
WADA will look to develop further academic actions, similar to webinars, to assist ADOs of their efforts to coach their goal populations concerning the change relating to tramadol.
Languages and Codecs
The 2023 Prohibited Listing; the 2023 Abstract of Modifications and Explanatory Notes; and the 2023 Monitoring Program can be found for obtain on WADA’s website in English, French and Spanish. The Listing can be out there in Catalan, Croatian, Danish, German, and Greek.
Stakeholders wishing to translate the Listing into different languages are kindly requested to sign their curiosity to [email protected]. WADA will then present the required recordsdata and, as soon as the interpretation is finalized, will make the translated Listing out there on the Company’s web site.
The Listing’s mobile-friendly digital edition might be accessed right here.